William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth William Wordsworth was born in April, 1770, in the Lake District, a land in the northwest of England for its mountain and lake scenery, its small towns, and its simple way of life. William grew up in the Lake District and lost both his mother and his father early youth, 1778 and 1783 respectively. He was educated at Hawkshead Grammar School (1779-1783). William went on a European tour in 1790 and, after graduating from Cambridge, spent a year (1791-1792) in France. While in France, William became an enthusiastic republican, although later developments gradually turned him against the revolution.

He became friendly with come Girondists and he had an affair with Annette Vallon, the daughter of a French surgeon. Vallon gave birth to William's daughter, Caroline, in December 1792, but William returned alone to England when war broke out between his country and France in 1793. In that year William published two highly descriptive and relatively conventional poems, An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches both in heroic couplets. In 1974 he inherited 900, which temporarily freed him of financial worries and allowed him settle at Racedown in Dorset, where he was joined by her sister, Dorothy; she was she was to be his close companion and an influence on his poetry for the rest of his life.

In 1797 the two moved to Alforden, Somerset, to be near Samuel Taylor Coleridge, whom William has his first met in 1795 and with whom he now entered into an artistic partnership. Under Coleridge's influence William poetry became mire metaphysical, and for both poets the next several years were to be a period of intense creativity. A selection of their poetry was published as Lyrical Ballads, which included William's Tintern Abbey and The idiot Boy; the first edition appeared in 1798, and a second, with the addition of new poems and the famous Preface, on January 1, 1801.

In 1802, William married Mary Hutchinson, by whom he had five children between in 1803 and 1810. Poems in Two Volumes containing many of his most celebrated lyrics, such as Resolution and Independence and Intimations of Immortality form Recollections of Early Childhood, was published in 1807 but received poor reviews. By this point the young radical of the 1790s had long since become a political conservative patriot and had received over the years a great deal of criticisms from Bayron, Shelley, Keats, Hazzits, and others. William Wordsworth lived his last years at Grasmere and died at Rydal Mount on April 23, 1850.

William Wordsworth Poems

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