Adjuncts

Definition: An adjunct is part of a Sentence and modifies the Verb to show time, manner, place, frequency and degree.

Certain parts of a sentence may convey information about how, when, or where something happened:

Examples:
  • He ate his meal quickly (how)
  • David gave blood last week (when)
  • Susan went to school in New York (where)


The highlighted constituents here are ADJUNCTS. From a syntactic point of view, Adjuncts are optional elements, since their omission still leaves a complete sentence:

Examples:
  • He ate his meal quickly ~He ate his meal
  • David gave blood last week ~David gave blood
  • Susan went to school in New York ~Susan went to school


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