Definition: A predicative adjective is not part of the noun phrase headed by the noun it modifies; rather, it is the complement of a copulative function that links it to the noun.
A predicative adjective comes after a copula verb (linking verb) and not before a noun.
There are a few adjectives which cannot occur in both predicative and attributive position. Some only occur in attributive position (they can't function as a predicate). Examples include "main" and "former".
A few other adjectives can only be predicative, i.e. they can't occur in attributive position. An example of this is "alone":
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