Definition: A pronoun usually refers to something already mentioned in a sentence or piece of text. A pronoun is a word that substitutes a noun or noun phrase used to prevent repetition of the noun to which they refer. One of the most common pronouns is it.

Rule for Pronouns
A pronoun must agree with the noun it refer. Therefore, if the noun is singular, therefore the pronoun must be singular; if the noun is plural, use a plural pronoun; if the noun is feminine, use a feminine pronoun, and so on.

For example:

  • The train was late, it had been delayed.
  • The trains were late, they had been delayed.

Types of pronouns
English Pronouns are divided into sub-categories. These are Demonstrative, Personal, Reflexive, Possessive, Interrogative, Negative, Reciprocal, Relative and Quantifier

Type About Example
Personal Pronoun Takes the place of a specific or named person or thing. I, you, he, she, etc..
Reflexive Pronoun Adds information by pointing back to a noun or another pronoun. myself, yourself, etc..
Demonstrative Pronoun Points out a specific person, place, or thing. this, that, these, those
Relative pronoun Begins a subordinate clause and relates the clause to a word in the main clause. who, whose, which, that, etc..
Interrogative Pronoun Is used to ask a question. who, what, where, etc..
Possessive Pronoun Used to substitute a noun and to show possession or ownership. mine, yours, his, etc..
Negative Pronoun   nothing, no, nobody, etc..
Reciprocal pronoun Express an interchangeable or mutual action or relationship. each other, one another
Quantifier   some, any, something, much, etc.

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