Vowels British Pronunciation

Received Pronunciation (RP) is a form of pronunciation of the English language which has traditionally been the prestige British accent. RP is a form of English English (English English is a term that has been applied to the English language as spoken in England.), sometimes defined as the "educated spoken English of southeastern England." It is often taught to non-native speakers; used as the standard for English in most books on general phonology and phonetics; and represented in the pronunciation schemes of most British dictionaries.

Full vowels:

Full vowels are those that appear in stressed syllables.

Monophthongs Short Long
Front Back Front Central Back
Close
 
Mid
 
Open
 

  • //: bid
  • //: good
  • //: bed (sometimes transcribed /e/)
  • //: bud
  • //: bat (sometimes transcribed /a/)
  • //: pot
  • //: bead
  • //: booed
  • //: bird (sometimes transcribed //)
  • //: bought, board
  • //: father, bard

Diphthongs Closing Centring
to // to //
Starting close
 
 
  
Starting mid
  
Starting open
 

  • //: bay
  • //: boy
  • //: toe
  • //: buy (sometimes transcribed /ʌɪ/)
  • //: cow
  • //: beer
  • //: boor (falling out of use in British English; often replaced by /ɔː/)
  • //: bear (sometimes transcribed /ɛː/)


Reduced vowels:

Reduced vowels occur in unstressed syllables.
  • //: roses
  • //: Rosa’s, runner
  • /l/: bottle
  • /n/: button
  • /m/: rhythm


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